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Peter Allmayer-Beck

Peter Allmayer-BeckThe past year brought a number of important changes for the Coronelli Society. President Rudolf Schmidt, who had successfully steered the course of our Society for 22 years, did not stand for re-election again and placed the task of leadership in younger hands. The General Assembly proceeded to elect a new Board and I now have the pleasure of heading it as President. The General Assembly also decided to change the name of our Society. The term Instrumentenkunde (study of related instruments) in its old name, which had long stopped being relevant to the Society's activities and had occasionally caused confusion, was eliminated. Of greater importance were the amendments made to the Society's statutes (described in greater detail in Jan Mokre's contribution), which were adopted after one year of preliminary discussions, and the relocation of the Society's office to the Globe Museum of the Austrian National Library.

I am very pleased that my predecessor Rudolf Schmidt will stay in close contact with the Society, contributing his great experience and enthusiasm as Honorary President and member of the Extended Board. I take this opportunity to thank Rudolf Schmidt, the Board members and auditors - both past and present ones - as well as all active members of the International Coronelli Society for the Study of Globes for their past contributions and I hope that we will jointly continue to further the Society's aims in the future.

In accordance with the changed Statutes, the new board took up office. The new function of Secretary General was created to have a central contact person who would perform organisational tasks and co?ordinate the activities of the Board, and who would represent the President in the day-to-day running of the Society. The members of the Acting Board are shortly presented in Johannes Dörflinger's contribution.

The Society's former news bulletin Information has been renamed NEWS and will appear in a new layout. We hope that consistent bilingual, German/English, presentation will make our unique Society better known among international globe lovers and help to eventually win them for our organisation. We also hope that NEWS and Der Globusfreund in their new layout will facilitate contacts between Board and members. NEWS, which will be edited jointly by myself and Jan Mokre, is planned to appear annually in the first half of each year. It will mainly inform about the Society's events and about general activities in globe studies, and it will also publish auction results. The scientific journal Der Globusfreund, edited by Johannes Dörflinger, will appear every two years during the second semester and will present research results in globe studies as well as reviews of books and exhibitions.

The new layout will, of course, involve higher expenditures. Apart from intensified efforts to enlarge membership in order to procure the necessary funds in the long term, the General Assembly also amended the Statutes to the effect that our Corresponding Members of long standing will in future be requested to contribute a membership fee (which has not been raised since 1998). Since rising bank transfers charges have been a reason for concern for quite some time, we have now arranged that membership fees and back issues of Der Globusfreund ordered by members may be paid by credit card. However, since this form of payment also incurs bank charges (though much lower ones), we kindly ask our members to use this facility only if they are unable to deposit money directly, without further bank charges, in the Society's accounts in Austria and Germany.

I should like to take this opportunity of inviting all members to contribute to our publications. There will be certain standing columns, e.g. on globe collectors and globe collections, globe-related information available on the Internet, or globe restoration. We will gladly publish any other news or information of interest to our readers. Through wider co?operation we hope to make the contents of our publications less "Vienna-centred" and to widen our perspective.

The next issue of Der Globusfreund is planned to appear in autumn 2001. It will contain the lectures delivered to the Globe Symposium of the Stewart Museum in Montreal last year (the current issue also contains a short notice on this symposium).

In conclusion, allow me to take a short look ahead, to next year, when the Coronelli Society will celebrate its 50th anniversary. Upon suggestion by Robert Haardt, on 11th June 1952, the Coronelli-Weltbund der Globusfreunde (Societas Coronelliana Amocorum Globorum) was founded in Vienna. To commemorate this occasion, we shall organise a festive event. The announcement and invitation to members will be made in the spring 2002 issue of NEWS. Our traditional international scientific symposium will take place in autumn 2002. Invitations for it (including the call for papers) will be sent out separately. The next issue of NEWS will give more detailed information on this conference.


Report on the General Assembly 2000

At the Society's general assembly of last year, crucial decisions were taken regarding its future development. The most important points may be summarised as follows:

With a current membership of approximately 300 physical and legal persons, the Society's financial situation is satisfactory. However, stronger efforts to win new members will be needed to procure sufficient funds for the Society's two publications, NEWS and Der Globusfreund, particularly to cover strongly risen postage costs. In future, the Society's publications are to be bilingual, in German and English. It is hoped that this will emphasise the Society's international character and stimulate overseas interest in the Society's activities.

Walter Vlk, Walter Wiesinger and Karl Kohlbauer reviewing the society's accounts for 1999The auditors reported on the Society's financial situation and on their review of accounts. On the auditors' suggestion, the members of the outgoing Board were released by unanimous vote.

Upon the Board's suggestion, the General Assembly decided to amend the Society's Statutes. This move followed the General Assembly's decision taken in 1999 to appoint a commission consisting of Peter Allmayer-Beck, Johannes Dörflinger and Jan Mokre which was to formulate suggestions for updating the Statutes. In view of the expected end of President Rudolf Schmidt's term of office and of the resulting changed distribution of responsibilities within the Board, the commission should also review the division of labour among Board members. The commission, reinforced by Ingrid Kretschmer, subsequently presented a draft of the new Statutes to the Board in autumn 2000. The draft was discussed, improved and distributed among the Society's members for review before the next meeting of the General Assembly.

The most important amendments adopted by the General Assembly concern the restructuring of the Board aimed at increasing its efficiency. The line of distinction between Acting Board and Extended Board was drawn more clearly. The functions of deputy secretary and deputy treasurer were abolished, but for the running of day-to-day business and for the co?ordination of Board activities the function of Secretary General was created. The rules of procedure now specify in detail the range of responsibilities entrusted to the Board members.

In 2002, the Coronelli Society will celebrate the 50th anniversary of its foundation. During the span of this half century, profound changes have taken place in globe production. Traditionally produced globes, common 50 years ago, have almost disappeared in the present age of synthetic materials and are partly traded at impressively high prices - one more reason to pay 20th-century globes the attention due to them. The new Statutes therefore reflect the Society's more open attitude towards those who appreciate more recent, modern globes. Although the antique globe will no doubt continue to be a key element in globe studies and thus remain at the focus of attention, the Coronelli Society would also expressly like to become a contact point and source of information for friends of the modern globe.

The new Statues also specify a change in the name of our Society. Although instruments employed in globe-making will continue to be part of globe studies, the expression Instrumentenkunde (study of related instruments) was eliminated, since this part of the Society's name had sometimes led to misunderstandings in the past and did not really correspond to the Society's profile of activities and interests. The Society's name now is formally bilingual, with the German component reflecting the remarkably high number of German-language members, while the English component is meant to stress the Society's international outlook.

It was agreed that corresponding members would continue to be asked for the payment of membership fees. The Society's general financial situation, rising bank charges and drastically risen postage fees made this decision unavoidable. In view of the moderate amount of our membership fee, which has remained the same since 1998, we hope that this decision will not cause too much of a financial burden. (If so, in individual cases, the Board may exempt members from payment of their membership fee upon request.)

The new Statutes are available for reference on the Society's homepage in German and English (http://coronelli.org/statuten.html). On request, they will be mailed to any member free of charge.

Our long-serving, meritorious President, Rudolf Schmidt, was appointed Honorary President by acclamation and thus became a statutory member of the Extended Board. The Extended Board now consists of ten members. They are to propagate the Society's aims and interests internationally and contribute to the implementation of relevant decisions taken.

Considering the changed composition of the Board and the change in presidency, the General Assembly also decided to move the Society's office from its old address at Dominikanerbastei to the premises of the Globe Museum at the Austrian National Library. The new address to be used is:

International Coronelli Society for the Study of Globes
c/o Jan Mokre
Austrian National Library, Globe Museum
Josefsplatz 1
A-1015 Vienna

Tel: +43 - 1 - 53410-298
Fax: +43 - 1 - 53410-319 E-mail: vincenzo@coronelli.org



The significance of Internet communication is increasing. As announced earlier in Der Globusfreund no. 47/48 (1999), the Coronelli Society is responding to this trend. So far, through the good offices of the Globe Museum in Vienna, the Society's homepage operated from the Austrian National Library server. Our webmaster, Peter van der Krogt, has now created an independent domain, which is being sponsored by Antiquariaat Forum and HES &amp De Graaf Publishers in 't Goy-Houten, Netherlands. We warmly thank Director Sebastiaan Hesselink for this support. The new arrangement will facilitate Peter van der Krogt's task of running the homepage and will also make user access easier. For a lengthy period of time - a definite date has not been set - visits to the Coronelli Society homepage at the old address, http://ezines.onb.ac.at:8080/coronelli/, will be redirected to the new address, http://www.coronelli.org. The homepage has been equipped with a number of new features: it now contains the full text of Society's Statutes in German and English for quick reference or downloading, as well as an online registration form allowing paperless application for membership in the Society. Another online form may be used to order old issues of Der Globusfreund that are still available.

Many thanks to Peter van der Krogt for his efforts!

Jan Mokre



Deposits on Coronelli Society Accounts

With immediate effect it is possible to use credit cards (VISA or MasterCard) for the payment of membership fees, donations, back issues of Der Globusfreund ordered, or amounts due in connection with symposia organised by our Society. We have arranged for this mode of payment since the charges for bank transfers, but also for cashing cheques, have risen steeply in recent years. Some members forget to cover those charges when making their transfer, so that in a number of cases only 50% of the amount transferred was credited to the Society's account. We are unable, in future, to cover such losses given rising charges (particularly for postage) and unchanged membership dues.

We therefore request our members in countries other than Austria and Germany, where deposits can be made directly, without further charges, on our accounts in Vienna (PSK, no. 1561.380) or Cologne (Postscheckamt Köln, no. 141392-508), to effect their payment by credit card. Where this is impossible, care should be taken to cover all transfer charges as well, since in accordance with our Statutes payment of dues can only be recognised, if the full amount is credited to the Society's account, or handed over personally to the Society's treasurer (§ 8/3). The same applies to payment by cheque. Those who prefer sending us a cheque are kindly asked to find out in advance what the respective bank charges will be for crediting the cheque to the Society, and to add this amount to the sum they wish to pay (in our experience, the charges are at least ATS 180.00 per cheque).

Payment by VISA or MasterCard can be made in two ways:

  1. The information needed for the transaction may be transmitted to the Society's office by fax (+43 1 5341 0319). (At the moment, transmission via e?mail is not recommended for reasons of security.) The office then takes the respective fax to the bank to effect payment. If this form of payment is chosen, we need the following information on your fax message:
    • Reason of payment
    • Name of depositor
    • Name of credit card company
    • Personal credit card number
    • Expiration date of your card
    • Amount to be deposited to the Society's account
    • Signature of the credit card holder.
  2. The secretariat also has an imprint machine with which the data on the credit card are copied on to a receipt handed to the depositor. This transaction is transmitted to the bank from the office.

Jan Mokre



Acting Board

PRESIDENT: Peter E. Allmayer-Beck
Born 1941 in Vienna. Manager of the Vienna newspaper "Der Standard", globe collector (collection of more than 60 globes, from the early 18th century to the middle of the 20th century). Vienna/Wien, Austria.
Editor of Modelle der Welt: Erd- und Himmelsgloben. Kulturerbe aus österreichischen Sammlungen [Models of the world: Terrestrial and celestial globes. Cultural heritage from Austrian collections] (1997).

FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT: Johannes Dörflinger
Born 1941 in Baden (Lower Austria). Professor for modern history at the Department of History of the Vienna University. Vienna/Wien, Austria.
Publications on the history of cartography and on the history of globes, e.g.: Die österreichische Kartographie im 18. und zu Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts [Austrian cartography in the 18th and early 19th c.], 2 vols. (1984-88); with Helga Hühnel and Ludvík Mucha: Atlantes Austriaci: Österreichische Atlanten 1561-1918 [Atlantes Austriaci: Austrian atlases 1561-1918], 2 vols. (1995); with Ingrid Kretschmer and Franz Wawrik: edition of Lexikon zur Geschichte der Kartographie [Dictionary on the history of cartography], 2 vols. (1986); 'Printed Austrian globes (18th to early 20th centuries)', in Der Globusfreund, 35-37 (1987), pp. 191-210; 'Deutsche Erdgloben an der Wende vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert' [German terrestrial globes at the turn of the 18th to the 19th c.], in Der Globusfreund, 25-27 (1978), pp. 241-258; 'Verlagsanzeigen als Quellen zur Geschichte der Globen' [Advertisements of publishing houses as sources for the history of globes], in Der Globusfreund, 33/34 (1985), pp. 81-98.

SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT: Peter van der Krogt
Born 1956 in Delft (South Holland). Teacher and researcher at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences of the Utrecht University. Delft, The Netherlands.
Publications on the history of cartography and on the history of globes, e.g.: Old globes in the Netherlands: A catalogue of terrestrial and celestial globes made prior to 1850 and preserved in Dutch collections (1984); Globi Neerlandici: The production of globes in the Low Countries (1993); with Elly Dekker: Globes from the Western world (1993); Advertenties voor kaarten, atlassen, globes e.d. in Amsterdamse kranten, 1621-1811 [Advertisements of maps, atlases, globes and suchlike in Amsterdam newspapers, 1621-1811] (1985); with Erlend de Groot: The Atlas Blaeu-van der Hem of the Austrian National Library, 2 vols. till now (1996, 1999); Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, new edition, 2 vols. till now (1997, 2000); with Marc Hameleers and Paul van den Brink: Bibliografie van de geschiedenis van de kartografie van de Nederlanden = Bibliography of the history of cartography of the Netherlands (1993).

Born 1961 in Berlin. Map curator at the Map Department and curator of the Globe Museum of the Austrian National Library, Vienna. Vienna/Wien, Austria.
Publications on the history of cartography and on the history of globes, e.g.: 'Globen unter freiem Himmel - Beispiele aus Wien' [Globes in the open air - examples from Vienna], in Der Globusfreund, 47/48 (1999), pp. 125-141; 'Immensum in parvo - der Globus als Symbol' [Immensum in parvo - the globe as a symbol], in Modelle der Welt: Erd- und Himmelsgloben, ed. by Peter E. Allmayer-Beck (1997), pp. 71-87; 'The Environs Map: Venna and its Surroundings c. 1600-c. 1850', in IMAGO MUNDI, 49 (1997), pp. 90-103.

SECRETARY: Walter Wiesinger
Born 1943 in Vienna. Globe collector (collection of c. 75 globes, from the middle of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century). Vienna/Wien, Austria.

TREASURER: Heide Wohlschläger
Born in Baden (Lower Austria). Globe collector (collection of more than 180 globes, from the late 17th century to the middle of the 20th century). Vienna/Wien, Austria.
Publications on the history of globes, e.g.: catalogues of globe collections and globe exhibitions; 'Globen der neueren Zeit' [Globes of the 19th and early 20th c.], in Modelle der Welt: Erd- und Himmelsgloben, ed. by Peter E. Allmayer-Beck (1997), S. 199-223; in co-operation with Rudolf Schmidt: 'Globenhersteller aus aller Welt' [Globe-makers from all over the world] and 'Globen in Österreich' [Globes in Austria], in ibid., pp. 236-319 and 320-379.

Extended Board

Tony Campbell: Head of the Map Library of the British Library. London, United Kingdom.

Elly Dekker: Historian of sciences (astronomy and scientific instruments). Linschoten (Utrecht), The Netherlands.

Wolfram Dolz: Curator at Staatlicher Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon Dresden, Zwinger. Dresden, Germany.

Ingrid Kretschmer: Professor for cartography at the Department of Geography of the Vienna University. Vienna/Wien, Austria.

Werner Kummer: Chemist, globe collector. Ingelheim (Rhineland-Palatinate), Germany.

René Lehmann: Antiquarian, globe collector. Berlin, Germany.

Ludvík Mucha: Professor emeritus for cartography at the University of Prague. Prague/Praha, Czech Republic.

Rudolf Schmidt: President of the International Coronelli Society from 1978 to 2000, now Honorary President. Vienna/Wien, Austria.

Sylvia Sumira: Globe conservator. London, United Kingdom.

Lothar Zögner: Retired chief of the Map Department of the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Berlin, Germany.


Karl Kohlbauer: Born 1923 in Leonstein (Upper Austria). Retired director of the cartographic firm Freytag-Berndt & Artaria. Vienna/Wien, Austria.

Walter Vlk: Born 1928 in Vienna. Retired accountant. Vienna/Wien, Austria.

Johannes Dörflinger


Globe Hunt in the Internet

by Andreas Riedl

The Web is an interesting place, not just for computer freaks, but also for lovers and collectors of globes. Particularly hunting for bargains may be crowned with success if one turns to online auction houses. Auctions on the Internet started in California's Silicon Valley in 1995, when the first online auction house, eBay, was inaugurated. In the meantime, numerous others have followed.

The material on offer in online auction seems almost limitless. One may acquire new or used globes, but also rare collectors' items. In order to take part in bidding or selling, one just needs to carry out the simple registration procedure specified on the auction house's homepage. If one just wants to look around, it is not necessary to register. One simply types the term for the object one is looking for, i.e. "Globus" or "globe", into the respective space in the search form displayed on the homepage, and will promptly et a list of objects offered for sale on the screen. Alternatively, one may proceed via categories, and conduct a search within those, e.g. art and antiques > second-hand > geography etc. For any globe thus found, a more or less detailed description is supplied, mostly together with photos which can sometimes be enlarged. For further information one may contact the seller via e?mail. There are freely accessible sellers' profiles providing additional information on globe sellers' trustworthiness. They are based on evaluations of each particular seller's previous sales transactions given by the respective buyers, reflecting their satisfaction with their purchases after having received the respective object. In order to avoid unpleasant surprises, one should inform oneself carefully about the respective transport costs and taxes. In early April, I acquired by auction two globes in Austria, 41 in Germany and 39 in the USA. Among them are the following objects (original auction text, all prices converted to euros):

To start hunting, here is a list of some online auction houses (it is relatively easy to locate further branches, as one mostly just needs to vary the country code of the respective internet address): www.ebay.com, www.ebay.de, www.ebay.at, www.ebay.it, ...,
www.ricardo.de, www.qxl.com, www.qxl.fr, www.qxl.nl, ...,
www.amazon.com, www.amazon.de, ... go to the Action/Auctions column,


Confessions of a Globe Collector

by Carolyn Burrell

I think I've always liked globes. From the ones in my elementary school to the beautiful antiques in museum galleries, to the first globe I bought for $1.95 in a thrift store, I just enjoy looking at them. Maybe it's their colors or their mountings; maybe it's the old country boundaries viewed dimly beneath the darkening varnish, but globes have an undeniable appeal. Watch people around a globe. First they look at it, then they might touch a country, and then, almost universally, they spin it. Globes, it seems, are irresistible.

I bought my first globe in a thrift store in the early 1970s. It was a 12 inch floor mounted 1930s George F. Cram with a really large dent in Japan. Oh, well, I thought, I'll just turn that side to the wall…From this auspicious beginning, I continued to look for old globes. Most of my collecting in the 1980s and 1990s focused on local antique shops. I collected mostly George F. Cram and Replogle globes from the 1930s to the 1960s, with a few Denoyer-Gepperts thrown in for good measure. Most were rather reasonably priced, and I soon began to fill my limited space.

Carolyn BurrellThen came the Internet. Prior to this time, I had only a limited exposure to older globes, those prior to World War I or earlier. With the advent of the World Wide Web and the online auction house eBay, I began to shop electronically for globes. I very soon discovered that globes made prior to 1900 were very expensive, more expensive than I had ever realized. So, I decided to limit my collecting to anything from 1900 to 1960. This time period worked well for me. I couldn't afford those prior to 1900 and I didn't really like the style of those after 1960. So I specialized in globes from basically the first half of the 20th century.

Then I realized that I really didn't know anything at all about who made these globes or how they were constructed. So, being a reference librarian, I went to work with catalogs and periodical indexes trying to find something about my globes. I was pretty shocked by what I found, or rather, what I didn't find. When it came to books, there was virtually nothing available that addressed 20th century globes. The only good, scholarly source was out of print and written in German. All I can say is, it's a good thing I can read German, because that book, Muris and Saarmann's Der Globus im Wandel der Zeiten (The Globe Through the Ages) got me started. From there I scoured libraries, ordered articles through interlibrary loan, copied patents, searched the Internet, bought globe catalogs and instruction books on eBay, and generally looked everywhere for information on 20th century globes. Slowly it all paid off. I began to assemble enough material to make some sense of the 20th century globe industry.

It never occurred to me to publish any of this, especially on the Web. Apart from a few collectors I'd corresponded with from eBay sales, there just didn't seem to be much interest in 20th century globes. The books had made it rather clear that everything important was made before 1850, at the very, very latest 1900. I just assumed nobody was really that interested. However, after watching the trading on eBay for a while, I realized that not only was there interest in 20th century globes, but that the prices were rising along with this interest. I watched as bidders paid large amounts of money for items that were poorly described and often, unintentionally I believe, misrepresented. I suppose it's an occupational hazard, but as a librarian I found this disturbing. I'm in the business of finding and disseminating accurate information, as well as teaching people how to do research and find information for themselves. So I decided I had to do something with the information I had accumulated. I thought of writing a book. Then I realized I didn't have time to write a book. So I opted for the other way to spread knowledge quickly to millions of people: I built a web site.

Now, building the web site was the easy part. Putting information in it was the challenge. I wanted collectors and would-be collectors to be able to find out information that would help them make good decisions when purchasing a 20th century globe. I was especially interested in making information on dating and manufacturers available. I also wanted to make the site reliable. So much of what is on the Web is unsupported opinion. Therefore, I decided that I would base my articles on published sources, globes in my collection or globes I had actually seen. Fortunately, there was enough reliable material for me to write the kind of articles I thought would be useful. My information is not based on speculation, but mainly on original sources, reputable periodical articles, patents, and my own observation of actual globes.

The Author in the headquarters of http://www.20thcenturyglobes.com So I published Globes of the 20th Century (www.20thcenturyglobes.com). I hoped collectors would like it, but I really didn't know what would happen. Fortunately, it was very well received by those who viewed it and gave me feedback. I'm told it helps collectors identify what they have. I'm thrilled, because that was the purpose.

And my collection? Well, it's about twenty globes, and not likely to grow much unless I buy a bigger house, something my husband thinks is a bit excessive. So, not every globe featured at the site is in my collection. Many of the globes on the site belong to other collectors who have generously allowed me to publish photos of their globes for the world to see. Some of the collectors I have corresponded with have well over a hundred 20th century globes. But it really doesn't matter how many globes you have, just that you enjoy them.

So it seems that collecting 20th century globes is gaining momentum. And why not? All globes reflect the historical and socio-cultural milieu in which they were made. 20th century globes tell us about "our" century, the century into which we collectors were born. 20th century globes tell us about hot wars, cold wars, colonialism, independence and freedom. They remind us of our youth, our grandparent's house, or our school. In the late 1950s they showed us Moscow and reminded us of just how small the world really was. They may not be terribly old, but they are terribly interesting. And besides, we still just like the way they look.


Globe restoration at the University of Applied Art and Science Hildesheim/Holzminden/Göttingen (Germany)

by Patricia Engel

Globe restoration on the one hand requires a comprehensive approach towards materials combined with great flexibility in practical execution, and on the other hand it needs knowledge about globes. Usually, responsibility for the preservation of terrestrial and celestial globes is placed in the hands of paper restoration specialists who, of course, are familiar with a wide range of materials, since books, too, combine wood, paper and metal.

Yet, there are also challenges unique to globe restoration. First, there is the globe's specific shape and use. Particular expertise is needed in the case of unique objects such as manuscript globes or globes where paper or even water-colour paintings are applied directly over metal spheres, which leads to rare forms of damage. The increasing number of spheres made of synthetic materials is another matter again. New technical problems sometimes require the development of new restoration techniques, or at least the adaptation or combination of established methods used in other fields. A good deal of experience must be brought to bear if one is to master such challenges.

Apart from expertise with materials, conservators must always also take an interest in the "content" of the objects to be restored. They must not simply concentrate on restoring the materials, without understanding the particular globe's intellectual content. This means that the conservator must be informed about the globe's role in astronomy and geography.

Practical restoration must be guided by codes of ethical conduct laid down in various restoration charters observed throughout Europe. Yet, to a certain extent, restoration is a kind of interpretation. The restorer must be aware of this; but, of course, this interpretation is by no means one to be freely chosen. Restorers must find their correct interpretation through a process of applying their knowledge of restoration in general, and of knowledge about globes in particular. They must select the means adequate for producing their chosen interpretation.

The Fachhochschule Hildesheim/Holzminden/Göttingen (University of Applied Art and Science) in Hildesheim (Germany) tries to transmit to students all they need for their future professional careers. Since the winter semester 1986/87, the college has been offering a course on restoration in four different fields of conservation. Another one, "restoration of books and paper" was created in March 2000. Thus there now is a third location, besides the Fachhochschule Köln (University of Applied Sciences Cologne) and the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste (State Academy of Art and Design) in Stuttgart, where one may study this subject. (Apart from those three institutions, the only other places in the German?language area offering this kind of course are Vienna, Austria and Bern, Switzerland).

At Hildesheim, the restoration of old globes is a core subject. To give students opportunities for first-hand practical experience, part of the course consists of restoring globes from museums and public collections, but also privately-owned ones, under the professor's guidance and supervision.

Mag. art. Patricia Engel inter alia worked as a restorer at the Map Collection and the Globe Museum of the Austrian National Library, where she acquired profound experience with globes and their restoration. Through daily personal contact with the map collection's historians and geographers she became acquainted with globes and maps in such a way that she developed of love for this at first sight seemingly dry subject. After her move to Berlin (Germany), she was able to apply her knowledge to the globes in the Map Department of the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preußischer Kulturbesitz (State Library, Prussian Heritage), as well as to those of a number of smaller museums. This personal history forms the background of globe restoration taught at the Fachhochschule Hildesheim/Holzminden/Göttingen in Germany.

Mag. art. Patricia Engel
Head of conservation for books and paper
University of Applied Art and Science
Bismarckplatz 10-11
D-31135 Hildesheim
Tel.: +49-5121-881392
FAX: +49-5121-881 386
e-mail Patricia.Engel@FH-Hildesheim.de


Around the globe

Waldseemüller's globe gores, 1507Until recently, we knew there existed two specimens of globe gores of Martin Waldseemüller's 12 cm terrestial globe of 1507. One of them is part of the James-Ford-Bell-Collection in the University of Minnesota library at Minneapolis (USA), the other one is located in the Map Department of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich (Germany). As we have just learned, a third specimen was identified in 1992 by Dr. Vera Sack and Dr. Ute Obhof in the Historische Bibliothek of the Stadtbücherei Offenburg at Baden (Germany). It had been part of the former library of the Grimmelshausen-Gymnasium (i.e. the Grimmelshausen Grammar School) at Offenburg, which contained some stock of Franciscan and Dominican monastery libraries in Offenburg. The globe gores had formed part of the cover of an old volume entitled Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea printed by Johann Faber at Freiburg in 1541. They were extracted from the historic cover in the course of conservation and restoration work and are now preserved separately.

Information by Werner Kummer. See also

By kind intervention of our Board member, Prof. Dr. Ingrid Kretschmer, seven valuable old globes belonging to the University of Vienna's Institute of Geography and Regional Research have been transferred on permanent loan to the Globe Museum of the Austrian National Library. Some of them are very rare, such as the two metereological globes of 1907 by Carl Kassner, which are so far only preserved in two locations (two specimens in Munich, one in Göttingen). With this new addition, the Globe Museum now contains 328 globes and globe-related instruments (supplemented by a number of globe gores as well as globe-related literature kept by the Map Department).

  1. Daniel Friedrich Sotzmann: terrestrial globe, Ø 48,5 cm, Nuremberg 1808
  2. Joseph Jüttner: terrestrial globe, Ø 63 cm, Vienna 1839
  3. Franz Xaver Schönninger: terrestrial globe, Ø 32 cm, Vienna 1868
  4. Carl Kassner: Meteorological globe (January), Ø 32 cm, Berlin 1907
  5. Carl Kassner: Meteorological globe (July), Ø 32 cm, Berlin 1907
  6. Ludwig Julius Heymann: terrestrial globe, Ø 37 cm, Berlin ca. 1907/08
  7. Martin Behaim: terrestrial globe (Facsimile), Ø 52 cm, place and year of production unknown


The seven valuable old globes belonging to the University of Vienna's Institute of Geography and Regional Research — among them the two rare meteorological globes by Carl Kassner, Berlin 1907 (right) — have been transferred on permanent loan to the Globe Museum of the Austrian National Library.

During renovation work at the University of Heidelberg library (Germany) a terrestrial globe was rediscovered beneath papers and dust in a corner behind shelves, where it had been stacked away since the 1970s. It was part of a pair of decorative globes produced in 1751 by Didier Robert de Vaugondy, on commission by the elector, Karl Theodor of the Palatinate, for the court library of Mannheim palace. During the second world war both globes were removed and subsequently were considered as lost. The heavily damaged terrestrial globe, with its elaborate rococo stand, was rediscovered in 1968, in the attic of the library. (The other part of the pair, the celestial globe, is still missing.) After unsuccessful restoration attempts, the rediscovered treasure was stacked away and forgotten. After restoration lasting from 1998 to 2000, the general public may now admire it once more in the University Library.


From 26 September 2001 to 6 January 2002, the city of Milan (Musei e Mostre) will organise an exhibition entitled Sogni e segni della Terra at the Palazzo Reale, Piazza Duomo, Milan, together with the well-known cartography and history-of-art publishing house Instituto Geografico De Agostini (Novara - Milano), to commemorate de Agostini's 100th anniversay. The history of our earth will be illustrated by old maps, atlases, graphic works and globes. The exhibits will be on loan from important European and American museums and research institutions, as well as from private collectors.

Information by Rudolf Schmidt

The Israel Museum in Jerusalem is staging an exhibition entitled Written in the Stars - Art and Symbolism of the Zodiac from 20 March to 6 October 2001. A large number of exhibits will illustrate the role of the astrological signs in art painting and sculpture, literature and religion, but also in connection with everyday artefacts. Celestial globes from the 17th and 18th centuries (on loan from Vienna) will complete the lively exhibition with its very useful English?language inscriptions. The catalogue, also in English, will another addition to the museum's list of internationally known publications. The Israel Museum will also organise another exhibition with the title Maps of the Holy Land from 21 October 2001 to 22 January 2002, during which globes on loan from Vienna will also be shown.

Information by Rudolf Schmidt

Sixty-thousand visitors saw the exhibition Yes! The World is Round: A closer look at early globes, maps and scientific instruments between February 2000 and March 2001 at the Stewart Museum in Montreal (Canada). For the exhibition, 47 globes and armillary spheres were unearthed from the museum's depots, and were supplemented by scientific instruments, maps, rare books, title pages of atlases and other graphic illustrations, to form a very impressive presentation around the subject "globe". A precious, richly illustrated book, Sphaerae Mundi: Early Globes at the Stewart Museum (see also new literature, below) was published as an accompaniment. In connection with this exhibition, from 19 to 22 October 2000, the Stewart Museum also organised the Stewart Museum Globe Symposium which took place on the Ile Sainte-Hélène in Montreal, excellently managed by Edward Dahl, Jean-François Gauvin, Céline Gignac, Nadia Hammadi und Eileen Meillon. Eight speakers dealt with widely diverging topics, all connected with the subject "globe". These lectures will be published in the autumn 2001 issue of the scientific journal Der Globusfreund. The very successful combination of exhibition, printed publication and symposium has recently been awarded the Canadian Museum Association's Prize for Excellence in Research of the year 2000.

Information by Eileen Meillon and Jean-François Gauvin

Globe Exhibition at Luxemburg/Kirchberg 2000A remarkable exhibition entitled Il était une fois la terre et l'espace. Les globes à travers quatre siècles d'histoire took place at the Banque de Luxembourg in Luxemburg/Kirchberg from 22 May to 30 September 2000. It presented 192 exhibits from the private collections of Rudolf Schmidt and Heide Wohlschläger (Vienna, Austria). The exhibition was accompanied by a two-part catalogue in French and German (see also new literature, below).

Information by Oswald Dreyer-Eimbcke








New literature

Sphaerae Mundi. Early Globes at the Stewart Museum, ed. by Edward H. Dahl and Jean-François Gauvin, with the collaboration of Eileen Meillon, Robert Derome and Peter van der Krogt. - [Sillery (Québec)]: Editions du Septentrion; [Montreal]: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000.

Andreas Riedl: Virtuelle Globen in der Geovisualisierung. Untersuchungen zum Einsatz von Multimediatechniken in der Geokommunikation. (= Wiener Schriften zur Geographie und Kartographie 13, ed. by Ingrid Kretschmer, Karel Kriz, Vienna 2000)

Il était une fois la terre et l'espace. Les globes à travers quatre siècles d'historie. Es waren einmal Erde und Raum. Globen aus vier Jahrhunderten. By Rudolf Schmidt. - Luxembourg: Banque de Luxembourg, 2000 [orders from: Banque de Luxembourg; M. Paul Wilwertz; 103, Grand Rue; L-1661 Luxembourg]

Elly Dekker: Globes at Greenwich. A catalogue of the Globes and Armillary Spheres in the National Maritime Museum. Ed. by Kristen Lippincott, Pieter van der Merwe, Maria Blyzinsky. - Oxford: Oxford University Press and National Maritime Museum, 1999


In Memoriam

Our member Heinz Brosch, who had practised gynaecology in Leoben, Austria, passed away last summer having reached a very advanced age. He had been a member of our Society since 1954. His collection of old globes was mentioned in the 1957 list of old globes in Austria and was presented to the public in 1977, in an Austrian National Library exhibition.

Heide Wohlschläger

Gabrielle Duprat (1898 - 1999)
On 26 December 1999 the nationally and internationally known senior librarian, Mme. Gabrielle Duprat, passed away at Angers, France. Having studied history, Mme. Duprat took diploma in paleography at the École nationale de chartes in 1923. She became a librarian at the French National Library and subsequently headed the library of the Natural History Museum. Together with Edmond Pognon of the National Library's map department, Mme. Duprat carried out a survey of ancient globes preserved in French public museums and libraries and published a preliminary list of them in 1970. She took a special interest in the giant Coronelli globes and had the pleasure to see them exhibited at Beaubourg in 1980. Their restoration at Versailles was more than she had hoped. The International Coronelli Society regrets the loss of an outstanding colleague and kind human being.

Monique Pelletier

Arthur Dürst (1926 - 2000)
Arthur Dürst's life full of work, mostly devoted to map history, ended the last days of the year 2000. He had been ill for some time. His life and achievements, which had won him many public distinctions, can only be briefly described here: Having graduated from the Bündnerische Kantonsschule at Chur, Switzerland, Arthur Dürst entered the University of Zürich in 1947 to study geography under Prof. Hans Boesch. He received his diploma in 1958. From 1956 to 1960 he was assistant to Prof. Eduard Imhof at the Cartography Institute of ETH. From 1961 until his retirement in 1991, he taught geography at the Kantonsschule Hohe Promenade in Zürich and also lectured at Zürich University, mainly on "History of Geography and Cartography". As a well-known contributor to international conferences in his field and as corresponding editor of Imago Mundi he kept close contact with fellow-scientists world-wide. He published widely and edited facsimiles of maps praised for their complete documentation and outstanding quality. Arthur Dürst was one of the founders of the journal Cartographica Helvetica and he also created the working group on map history within the Swiss Cartographic Society. Arthur Dürst's contribution to his subject, the history of cartography, was substantial. We will miss in him a generous and obliging colleague who at work often went to the limits of his capacities.

(A full biography is available on the Cartographica Helvetica Internet site).

Hans-Uli Feldmann und Hans-Peter Höhener


Globes at Auctions — Auktionsergebnisse

Heide Wohlschläger

From catalogues of Christie's and Sotheby's we draw the following results (left estimates and right hammerprice with buyer premium, in £ - US Dollar denoted by S).

CHRISTIE'S South Kensington - 7 June 2000

5 - A 2½-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe, signed 'J. F. L. Paris', c. 1920 and a 5 1/8-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe signed 'J. L. & Cie Paris J. C. B. Grav.'
200-300 — 411.25

8 - A 2¾-inch diameter terrestrial pocket globe, signed 'A New GLOBE of the EARTH by N. Lane 1776 Prockter fc' in a spherical fishskin-covered case, the interior laid with concave celestial gores.
2,000 - 3,000 — 3,290

13 - A 4½-inch diameter German terrestrial table globe, signed 'DIE ERDKUGEL von 4 Pariser Zoll. Berlin bei Sim: Schropp et Comp. 1827' with brass meridian ring in an unstained mahogany stand with octagonal horizon.
3,000 - 5,000 — 4,935

20 - A 3-inch diameter terrestrial 'thread-globe' made of two wooden hemispheres with chromolithographed paper gores, with trade label 'CLARK & CO'S TRADE MARK ANCHOR FAST BLACK', ca. 1885
— 211.50

23 - An unusual 2¾-inch diameter terrestrial globe, a partially-obscured cartouche in the mid-Atlantic reading 'NK'. The sphere opening into two halves at the equator, the interior with two chromolithographic prints, one of two children and a donkey, the other of a child with a sword and a dog with a rifle, each signed '[…] ATLAS PARIS'. The globe on a simple turned ebonised column and circular plinth base.
200-300 — 258.50

24 -A pair of 2-inch diameter masonic globes, the terrestrial by 'GEORGE PHILIP & SON LTD 32 FLEET STREET LONDON E. C. 4', c. 1930, the celestial 'SMITH'S CELESTIAL GLOBE George Philip & Son Ltd. 32 Fleet Street, E.C.'. Each globe on a tall tapering turned column with square plinth base.
300-400 — 329

25 - A 12-inch diameter lunar globe by John RUSSELL, R.A., London, 1797. Two inscriptions: 'A GLOBE representing the VISIBLE SURFACE of the MOON, constructed from TRIANGLES measured with a MICROMETER and accurately drawn and engraved from a long series of TELESCOPIC OBSERVATIONS by J. Russell, R.A.' and 'BY HIS MAJESTY'S LETTERS PATENT, This Globe being part of the APPARATUS named the SELENOGRAPHIA, designed to exhibit the Lunar Libration &c. is Published by the Author, Newman Street, London June 14th, 1797.' The moonball is mounted on a short turned pillar and circular plinth base with three bun feet.
8,000 - 12,000 — 19,975

30 - A 19th Century orrery, unsigned, but in style of Charles Dien, the 1 ¼-inch diameter brass sunball at the centre, with seven ivorine planetballs on separate arms revolving around it, the earthball with geared mechanism to rotate the ivorine moonball, with brass meridian and horizon ring, raised on a turned ebonised column and plinth base
2,500 - 3,500 — 2,820

38 - ANONYMOUS, 'Einleitung zur Erkenntis und Gebrauch der Erd- und Himmels=Kugeln, ... Nürnberg bei George Peter Monath, 1769', 4º, marbled covers, seven hand-coloured engraved fold-out plates
1,200 - 1,500 — 1,410

42 - A 13-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed 'COLUMBUS-ERDGLOBUS WIRTSCHAFTSPOLITISCHE AUSGABE BEARBEITER Dr. JOHS RIEDEL POLITISCHES KARTENBILD Dr. R. NEUSE u. C. LUTHER COLUMBUS-VERLAG G.M.B.H. BERLIN-LICHTERFELDE', c. 1930. The globe with aluminium meridian half-circle on a square-section oak column and stepped plinth base with inset compass
300 - 400 — 235

43 - A 13-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed 'COLUMBUS ERDGLOBUS WIRTSCHAFTSPOLITISCHE AUSGABE BEARB. DIPL.-HDL. W. BOCKISCH POLITISCHES KARTENBILD Dr. R. NEUSE u. C. LUTHER 1. 10. 1941 COLUMBUS-VERLAG PAUL OESTERGAARD K.-G. BERLIN-LICHTERFELDE'. The Antarctic with various notes relating to exploratory expeditions with dates, including 'Neu-Schwaben Ld Beansprucht vom Deutschen Reich Ritschers Exp. 1938/39'. The globe with brass meridian half-circle raised atop the bronze figure of an eagle with outstretched wings
800-1,200 — 1175

45 - An 8-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed "GEOGRAPHIA" 8 INCH TERRESTRIAL GLOBE "GEOGRAPHIA" LTD 55 FLEET STR. LONDON; E.C. 4, c. 1924. The globe with unengraved brass meridian half-circle raised on a baluster turned ebonised column and circular plinth base
200-400 — 376

47 - A 9 ¾-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed 'ERD GLOBUS 25 cm. Nach den neuesten u. besten Quellen entworfen BERLIN LUDW. JUL. HEYMANN. Geographisch: Artistische Anstalt', with brass meridian half-circle, turned fruitwood finial and turning handle, on a baluster turned fruitwood column and circular plinth base with inset compass
400 - 600 — 587.50

50 - A 13 ¾-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed 'GLOBE TERRESTRE dessiné par H. KIEPERT. BERLIN, D. REIMER Libraire - éditeur. 1870 Gravé p. J. Sulzer. Imprimé p. F. Barth', with brass meridian half-circle on a highly decorative cast bronze stand
800 - 1,200 — 1057.50

52 - A 9-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed ‚DIE ERDE zum Gebrauch in Schulen Verlag der J. G. Klinger'schen Kunsthandlung in NÜRNBERG. Construirt und in Stahl gestochen von J. A. BÜHLER', c. 1845, with plain iron meridian half-circle on a turned fruitwood column and circular plinth base
400 - 600 — 528.75

54 - A 12-inch diameter celestial table globe, signed 'LORING'S CELESTIAL GLOBE Containing all the known Stars, Nebulae &c Compiled from the Works of WOLLASTON, FLAMSTEED, DE LA CAILLE, HEVELIUS; MAYER, BRADLEY, HERSCHEL, MASKELYNE The Transaction of the ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY of LONDON &c. &c. From Smith's New English Globe Boston, Josiah Loring, 136 Washington St. 1833 Annin & Smith Sc'. Brass meridian circle, mahogany horizon on four baluster turned mahogany legs united by cross-stretchers
4,000 - 6,000 — 4,700

55 - A 12-inch diameter celestial globe, signed 'GLOBUS COELESTIS in quo omnes Asterismi accurate delineati per Matthaeum Albertum Lotter Aug. Vind.' With later stamped brass meridian circle and hour ring with pointer, oak horizon ring with hand-coloured engraved paper, raised on a four-legged oak stand
7,000 - 9,000 — 7,637.50

56 - A 8¾ inch diameter celestial globe: 'GLOBE CELESTE Astronomique Poetique et universel Pout la Grande Année de 2592 ans Par le C.en Dupuis' and 'LOYSEL Rue du Platre Jacque N.o 9 au 1er Ingenieur. Pour les Globes et spheres Vend aussi toutes Cartes de Géographie découpe les Cartes pour apprendre faculement la Géographe aux enfant à Paris'. With cardboard meridian circle and hour ring with metal pointer, on four curved cardboard quadrants supports raised on a simple ebonised and baluster turned fruitwood column and plinth base
10,000 - 12,000 — ----

57 - A 12-inch diameter terrestrial tabel globe: 'RAND MC.NALLY TWELVE INCH TERRESTRIAL GLOBE SCALE 1 : 42,000.000 Copyright by Rand Mc.Nally & Company, Chicago. Made in U.S.A.', c. 1930. Brass hour rings at either Pole, brass meridian ring, chamfered mahogany horizon papered, on four carved quadrant supports to channelled column and stepped circular plinth base
2,800 - 3,000 — 3,290

61 - A 12-inch diameter terrestrial table globe: PHILIPS' 12 INCH TERRESTRIAL GLOBE LONDON GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE COPYRIGHT GEORGE PHILIP & SON, LTD. 32 FLEET STREET Printed in Geat Britain, ca. 1930. With brass meridian circle, ebonised fruitwood horizon on four baluster turned legs united by turned cross stretchers
800 - 1,200 — 1,057.50

62 - A 9¼-inch diameter terrestrial table globe: 'ERDGLOBUS nach den besten Ortsbestimmungen und Karten entworfen von RIEDL v. LEUENSTERN neu bearbeitet mit besonderer Rücksicht auf PHYSIKALISCHE GEOGRAPHIE von F. SCHÖNNINGER junior 1864 WIEN Verlag bei Josef SCHÖNNINGER V. Margarethen Griesgasse No. 39. gest. von C. Stein u. v. B. Biller'. Brass meridian ring and (reproduction) hand-coloured paper horizon ring on an ornate ebonised wooden [?plaster] tripod stand, the feet in the form of grotesque mask with open mouth, united by a concave triform base
3,500 - 4,500 — 4,112.50

64 - A 20-inch diameter terrestrial library globe: 'COLUMBUS DUO ERDGLOBUS Politisch u. physikalisch Wissenschaftlich bearbeitet v. Dr. Karlhein Wagner COLUMBUS VERLAG PAUL OESTERGAARD BERLIN UND STUTTGART', 1959. With steel meridian ring held in a u-shaped fruitwood stand on a circular plinth base
1,500 - 2,500 — 1,762.50

65 - A 19 11/16-inch (50 cm) diameter terrestrial library globe: 'J. LEBÈGUE & Cie ÉDITEURS 30 Rue de Lille 30. PARIS PROPRIÉTÉ POUR TOUS LES DROITS DE TRADUCTIONS RÉSERVÉS Gravé par A. SOLDAN Bould Raspail, 218 (ex-Denfert) PARIS' and 'GLOBE TERRESTRE par E. DUBAIL Gravé par A. Soldan Imp. Monrocq.', c. 1905. Brass meridian circle, papered mahogany horizon raised on four curved mahogany qudrants supports to baluster turned central pillar with three cabriole legs terminating in castors
1,500 - 1,800 — 2,350

CHRISTIE'S South Kensington 29 November 2000

1 - A mid 18th-century silver 'Mother and Child' terrestrial/ celestial globe pair, unsigned, terrestrial globe 2¼-inch diameter, celestial 2-inch
3,000 - 4,000 — 23,500

2 - Anonymous 1¼-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe, unsigned, English inscriptions, with steel axis pins in a turned fruitwood case with domed lid
2,000 - 3,000 — 2,350

5 -A 3-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe: 'LA TERRA all' uso NELLE SCUOLE Edizione di C. Abel-KLINGER Magazzino del Arti à NORIMBERCA', [after 1851], with brass axis pins in a square pine box, the square shelf support for globe with decorative applied paper incorporating the horizon ring. The lid of the box applied with a hand-coloured engraved picture of three children in a study with a globe
3,000 - 4,000 — ----

7 - A 2¾-inch diameter terrestrial pocket globe: 'A New GLOBE of the EARTH by L. Cushee', c. 1760 in the original fishskin-covered spherical wooden case, the interior laid with concave celestial gores
3,000 - 4,000 — 5,287

9 - A 5-inch diameter terrestrial globe: 'C. W. HOLBROOK'S FIVE INCH GLOBE', c. 1870, mounted on a baluster turned mahogany pillar and plinth base
800 - 1,200 — 940

10 - A 2 ½-inch diameter pocket globe by Johann Baptist HOMANN, after 1716, the terrestrial globe signed: 'Opera Ioh. Bapt. HAMANNI Sac. Cas. Ma. Geographi Noriberg' and 'GLOBUS TERRESTRIS juxta observationes Parisienses Regiae Academiae Scientiarum constructus', the ball [without armillary sphere inside?] in the original spherical leather case with gilt-tooled decoration, the interior laid with concave celestial gores, signed: 'GLOBUS COELESTIS juxta Observationes Parisienses exhibitus' and 'Opera IO. B. HOMANNI S.C.M. Geographi Noriberg'
6,000 - 8,000 — 22.325

11 - A 6-inch diameter terrestrial table globe: 'JOSLIN'S Six Inch Terrestrial Globe Containing the latest Discoveries. BOSTON. Gilman Joslin. 1870 Drawn and Engraved by W. B. Annin', brass meridian circle, horizon ring, stand with three baluster turned legs united by cross stretchers to the meridian support
2,000 - 3,000 — 4,700

12 - A mid-19th-century 2½-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe, signed 'MPS', German globe with English inscriptions, some paper and plaster lost, fitting loosely onto a simple baluster turned fruitwood column and plinth base
200 - 400 — 117

13 - A 3-inch pocket globe 'NEWTON'S New ≈ Improved Terrestrial Pocket Globe No 66 Chancery Lane, London', 1817, in the original spherical fishskin-covered case, the interior laid with concave celestial gores, separating around the equinoctial colure: 'NEWTON'S Improved Pocket CELESTIAL GLOBE'
2,000 - 3,000 — 3525

14 - A 3-inch diameter convex celestial globe: 'NEWTON'S Improved Pocket Celestial Globe', ca. 1830 in a turned fruitwood case with domed lid
1,800 - 2,000 — 2,115

15 - A 1 ½-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe: 'NEWTON & BERRY'S New Terrestrial Globe 183[1] on a silvered brass stand, with unengraved meridian half circle, baluster turned column, and circular plinth base
1,500 - 1,800 — 1762

16 - A 3-inch diameter miniature terrestrial globe 'NEWTON'S New and Improved TERRESTRIAL GLOBE Published by Newton & Son 66 Chancery Lane & 3, Fleet St, Temple Bar', c. 1835, in a turned mahogany case with domed lid
1,800 - 2,00 — 3,055

17 - A pair of 3-inch diameter miniature table globes, the terrestrial 'NEWTON'S New & Improved TERRESTRIAL GLOBE Published by Newt, Son & Berry 66 Chancery Lane London', the celestial 'NEWTON'S Improved Pocket Celestial GLOBE', c. 1835, both spheres in later mountings, with unengraved brass meridian, mahogany horizon with colour copied paper ring, on four baluster turned legs united by turned cross stretcher
2,500 - 3,500 — 5,640

20 - A pair of 6-inch diameter miniature table globes, the terrestrial 'SMITH'S TERRESTRIAL GLOBE showing the latest discoveries to the present time LONDON C. SMITH & SON, 172 Strand', the celestial 'SMITH'S CELESTIAL GLOBE LONDON SMITH & SON, 63 CHARING CROSS', both spheres with simple unengraved brass meridian half circles, raised on a baluster turned mahogany column and wide circular plinth base
3,000 - 5,000 — 3,525

21 - A pair of 3-inch diameter miniature globes, the terrestrial 'OUTLINE OF THE EARTH SMITH & SON, LONDON', the celestial 'SMITH'S CELESTIAL GLOBE George Philip & Son Ltd. 32 Fleet Street EC', both spheres in (later) mahogany turned case with domed lid
3,000 - 4,000 — 5,287

27 - The 'Simple Sohlberg', Sweden, c. 1880. A 10-inch diameter glass celestial sphere, unsigned, with the equatorial painted on the outside of the sphere, ungraduated ecliptic, some unlabelled stars, inside a glass rod with dark-blue coloured bulge to represent the earth at the middle, originally filled to half way with blue-coloured water, held within a stamped brass meridian circle, supported on a cast iron semi-circular support on a triform pillar and tripod stand, two of the feet with levelling screw adjustment, 23 5/8-inch high
1,500 - 1,800 — 3,290

30 -A possibly early 19th-century, English orrery, unsigned, the ivory earthball with brass frame to indicate areas of night, orbiting ivory moon ball on single castor mount running around an inclined brass orbit ring, on a geared brass mechanism with six wheels, at the centre a brass sunball with iron pointer, the axis with two short arms for ivory balls representing Mercury and Venus, a second brass pointer at the base of the mechanism arranged to read off the 9-inch diameter papered mahogany horizon plate (incomplete, night-shade, brass pointer, paper, feet and dome possible later)
2,000 - 3,000 — 3,055

31 - An early 18th-century silver armillary sphere, signed on the underside of the horizon 'J Chapotot AParis', the earthball within meridians and tropic and polar bands, the axis aligned to the ecliptic, all within a second set of meridians, tropic, polar and ecliptic bands aligned to the celestial equator, the ecliptic and equatorial finely engraved, mounted within a horizon, on four quadrant supports to a baluster turned pillar and plinth base
2,000 - 3,000 — 22,325

32 - A late 18th/early 19th-century tellurium, the 2¾-inch diameter terrestrial globe signed 'A PARIS Chez C. F. Delamarche rue de Foin S.t Jacq', mounted with geared mechanism above to operate the small wooden moon ball on wire arm, and geared mechanism beneath connected to the central gilt sun ball, a pointer arranged to read off the 7¼-inch diameter mahogany horizon plate with hand-coloured engraved paper, the centre with gilt sunburst motif, raised on an elegant baluster turned ebonised column with gilt foliate decoration, on a circular plinth base with similar decoration [decorations like Robert de Vaugondy or Fortin]
5,000 - 7,000 — 9,987

33 - A mid-19th-century French wooden planetarium in the style of the Delamarche atelier [after 1846], the gilt sun ball on a central brass axis, with painted moon ball on a pulley-operated arm, a red-rimmed card circle around the earth to represent LA LUNE, the axis with eleven curved brass arms for red-rimmed card planet and moon discs. Each printed on either side with the names, MERCURE, VÉNUS, MARS, VESTA, JUNON, CERES, PALLAS, JUPITER, SATURNE, URANUS AND LEVRRIER ou NEPTUNE, with the number of days of revolution around the sun, raised on an ebonised turned pedestal base
5,000 - 6,000 — 5,875

41 - A 8-inch diameter terrestrial table globe: 'THE STERLING GLOBE. No. 4 BROWNIE & NOLAN LTD. PUBLISHERS MADE IN FRANCE', c. 1910, on a short iron arm to baluster turned column and plinth base
400 - 500 — ----

42 - A pair of 12-inch diameter table globes, the terrestrial ' CARY'S NEW TERRESTRIAL GLOBE DELINEATED From the best authorities extant; Exhibiting the late Discoveries towards the NORTH POLE, and every improvement in Geography to the present Time. LONDON. Made & Sold by G. & J. CARY, 86, St. James's Street Jany 4 1829', the celestial 'CARY'S NEW CELESTIAL GLOBE, ON WHICH are correctly laid down upwards of 3500 Stars Selected from the most accurate observations and calculated for the Year 1800. With the extent of each Constellation precisely defined By Mr. GILPIN of the ROYAL SOCIETY. Made & Sold by J. & W. Cary. Strand London Jan. 1 1816'. Both spheres with brass meridian circle, the mahogany horizon with hand-coloured engraved paper, on four mahogany quadrant supports to turned central pillar with three cabriole legs terminating in pad feet, the original uncoloured engraved compass mounted beneath on cross stretchers.
9,000 - 12,000 — 18,800

45 - A 13¾-inch diameter terrestrial table globe, signed 'C. ADAMI'S ERDGLOBUS neu bearbeitet und gezeichnet von H. KIEPERT. BERLIN D. REIMER 1889 Stich v. J. Sulzer Druck v. L. Kraatz', with brass meridian ring and hour disc, the octagonal papered horizon ring raised on an elaborate and decorative carved gilt-wood stand with four quadrant supports, central tulip-shaped meridian support and three hipped legs terminating in lion's paw feet
2,000 - 3,000 — 2,585

48 - A 12½-inch diameter terrestrial globe, signed 'SPHÈRE TERRESRTE de 1 Mètre de Ciconférence dessiné et gravé par GIGON T. MOTHEREAU ÉDITEUR PARIS Imprimé par Monrocq, Paris', c. 1880, with brass finial, raised on a simple turned tapering ebonised volumn and plinth base
800 - 1,000 — 1,292

49 - A pair of 10-inch diameter table globes, the terrestrial 'NEWTON'S New and Improved TERRESTRIAL GLOBE DRAWN FROM THE Surveys of the most esteemed Navigators and Travellers NEWTON and SON Chancery Lane & 3 Fleet St. Temple Bar'; the celestial 'NEWTON'S NEW AND IMPROVE CELESTIAL GLOBE on which all the Stars taken from the best Authorities are recalculated and accurately laid down Manufactures by NEWTON & SON Chancery Lane & 3 Fleet St. Temple Bar London Published June 1850'. Both spheres with brass meridian half circles raised on an baluster turned mahogany column and circular plinth base
2,500 - 3,500 — 2,820

54 - A 12-inch diameter terrestrial library globe 'CARY'S NEW TERRESTRIAL GLOBE DELINEATED From the best Authorities extant Exhibiting the different Tracks of CAPTAIN COOK, and the New Discoveries made by him and other Circumnavigators. LONDON. Made & Sold by J. & W. CARY, Strand Jany. 1st 1800', with brass meridian ring, mahogany horizon on four quadrants supports to baluster turned pillar with three outswept legs terminating in castors
3,000 - 4,000 — 4,935

57 - A pair of 18-inch diameter library globes, the terrestrial '18 INCH TERRESTRIAL GLOBE by W. & A. K. JOHNSTON LIMITED Geographers, Engravers & Printers, EDINBURGH and LONDON COPYRIGHT 1907 By W. & A. K. JOHNSTON LTD.',
the celestial '18 INCH CELESTIAL GLOBE W. & A. K: JOHNSTON LIMITED EDINBURGH & LONDON', with brass meridian rings on a mahogany stand after the Victorian style, with three quadrant supports with scroll tops, to turned and tapered foliate-carved pillars, on three acanthus-headed hipped outswept legs with lion's paw feet and inset castors
25,000 - 35,000 — 29,375

SOTHEBY'S, London - 19 December 2000

441 - A 12-inch armillary sphere, signed on one of arctic polar ring 'Luigi Cervellati Forma', Bologna late eighteenth century. Cardboard sphere consisting of seven concentric rings including Zodiac, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Equator, Arctic and Antarctic polar and equinoctial ring, with outer horizontal meridian ring, central wooden sphere representing the sun and six smaller spheres on metal rings for revolving around the sun, with two polar calottes, supported on an octagonal stand with horizontal ring supported by four tapered walnut legs with turned walnut stretchers, height 49,5 cm
20,000 - 30,000 — ----

442 - A 2¾-inch pocket globe 'A New Globe of the Earth by N. lane 1776' contained within a black fishskin case with concave celestial map applied to the interior
2,000 - 3,000 — 3120

443 - A 29,5 cm ? [26,5 cm] terrestrial globe by Matthäus Greuter re-issued by Giovanni Battista de Rossi, Italien, ca. 1640. Signed on on of the cartouches‚ 'Si Stampa da Gio Batta de Rossi Milanese in Piazza Nauona Roma' and signed at the bottom of another cartouche 'Matthäus Greuter excudit Rome 1638'. The sphere with brass meridian ring, horizon ring supported on a mahogany stand with four baluster turned supports and shaped scroll carved cross stretchers
3,000 - 5,000 — 26,950

444 - A 18-inch pair of library globes, English, mid 19th century. The terrestrial with printed presentation with cartouche reading To Sir Joseph Banks, each globe mounted with brass meridian ring, on mahogany tripod stand with carved acanthus leaf decoration supported on brass castors, height 107 cm
12,000 - 18,000 — 24,075

445 - A 12 inch J. & W. Cary terrestrial globe 'CARY'S NEW TERRESTRIAL GLOBE DELINEATED From the best Authorities extant Exhibiting the different tracks of CAPTAIN COOK and the New Discoveries made by him and other Circumnavigators LONDON Made & Sold by J & W Cary Strand, Sept. 2 1816' with brass meridian ring, the horizon ring raised on four mahogany quadrant arc, the column and the tripod stand is missing
1,000 - 1,500 — 2,880





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